The history of the Medea region takes its roots in the distant past. During the Roman domination, several cities were built among which Lambdia. The ruins of Rapidum (Djouab) and Thanarusuma (Berrouaghia) attest to this Roman presence. In the Xth century, with the advent of the Fatimids, Ziri chief of the Sanhadjas tribes, founded the kingdom of the Zirides, he built his capital at Achir (near Ain Boucif). And authorized his son Bologhine to create three other cities: Al-Djazair, Miliana and Médéa.
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Accra was founded by the Ga people (Ga-Adangbe, an ethnic group from the Greater Accra Plains) in the late 1400s, later it became a center for trade with the Portuguese, who built a fort in the town. In the 17th century it was the site of three European trading fortresses, which were all in British hands by 1871. Accra became the capital of the British colony of the Gold Coast in 1876 and was made capital of independent Ghana in 1957. Accra has the best infrastructure, and with a stable economy